Saturday, March 10, 2018

Let's FIX THE FUND - they told us Casino Revenues would AUGMENT education funding --- let's make it happen!! Tracie Potts - MCCPTA

YOU'VE Got the Power!

Parents and students are so frustrated with schools these days. Kids are struggling through classes. Homework's a nightmare. Classes are too hot or too cold. Buildings are old or too small and there's not enough money to fix them all. And lately incidents of violence have us wondering: are our kids even safe once we put them on the bus? 

MCPS, parents, students - we're all trying but results seems elusive. Or slow. To be honest, it's maddening. 

Sometimes better policies and enforcement helps. But more often than not, the fixes we need require more money. Where does it come from? Casinos! Remember all that casino money that was promised to schools that didn't quite happen? Now Governor Hogan and some lawmaker are proposing what education advocates have been asking for all along: a "lock box" on those funds to make sure they provide additional funding for schools, as promised. 

This kind of effort can easily become mired in politics. HOW to do it. WHEN to do it. Exceptions. What we need is a clear, prompt, focused effort to infuse MILLIONS more into our schools, so we can fix buildings, add staff (and pay them competitively), add and keep programs. Basically, a boost to significantly improve educational opportunities for our kids. How do we do that? FIX THE FUND!

MCCPTA is supporting the Maryland State Education Association's "Fix the Fund" rally on March 19 in Annapolis. We've been told, as recently as a few months ago, that lawmakers are tired of hearing from the same groups and lobbyists but they really do listen when "average Joe parent and their kid" take the time to testify, meet with lawmakers or - in this case - rally in support of education. We need to take full advantage of that and drive maximum participation to this event. 

 If just 5 people from every Montgomery County school joined the rally, that's 1,000 people marching through Annapolis urging our elected officials to "Fix the Fund." Can you get 5 people to go from your school? Plus: if every other Maryland county sent just a fraction of that, we're talking thousands of parents, teachers and students putting pressure on lawmakers to act. That's impressive. That kind of presence speaks volumes. And it makes a difference. 

As frustrating as it is when education gets caught up in politics, never forget - democracy always rises above.  YOU'VE GOT THE POWER! Sometimes we forget just how influential our collective voices can be when we come together to advocate for our kids. 

Last weekend I attended a PTA leadership meeting where a colleagues said her school's having a hard time engaging parents because they're so frustrated when they don't see change happening. They just give up. Stop coming to meetings. Stop speaking out. My heart dropped. I thought: that's exactly the opposite of what we need to do. Don't retreat - MARCH! Get those frustrated parents to hit the streets! It worked in Alabama. It worked for civil rights. It can work for our students in Montgomery County. 

 Marching is just the beginning, but it's an important start. It's not just symbolic. Elected officials know if 1,000 people take time after work on a Monday night to drive 45 minutes to Annapolis with their kids, THEY CARE. And they know when you care, you'll VOTE. That's important to them. Let's tell them what's important to us.

Monday, February 26, 2018

Career and Technology Education expansion in our traditional high schools - by Victoria Henley, MCCPTA representative to the CTE Task Force

There was a MCPS Career and Technology Education retreat held on Thursday, January 11, 2018, at the Thomas Edison HS of Technology, located next door to the newly renovated Wheaton High School in Wheaton, Maryland.

In December 2016, the Board of Education contracted with the Education Strategy Group (ESG), a Bethesda based consulting firm, to conduct a comprehensive review of MCPS Career and Technology Education (CTE) Programs of Study (POS). Funding for this study was approved by the Board as part of its Fiscal Year 2017 Operating Budget.

The retreat I attended focused on reviewing the recommendations and collected feedback received by MCPS and Education Strategy Group (ESG), since the release of the initial report in September 2017. As participants, we were asked to prioritize the recommendations and suggest a multi-year timeline for implementing the recommendations. MCPS and ESG consulting would take our input into consideration as they prepare the final report.  This retreat did NOT discuss the future of Thomas Edison HS of Technology.

The Career and Technology Education retreat brought together Dr. Erick Lang, MCPS’ associate superintendent of curriculum and instructional programs, AND representatives from the business community, current CTE students, former CTE students, MCPS relevant staff, and other stakeholders.  I represented MCCPTA. The retreat was facilitated by Kathleen Mathers, a Director at ESG consulting. Every participant brought to the retreat their energy, real-time data, thoughtful discussion points, and professional experiences. I was personally impressed by the wealth of knowledge and honest commitment to improving the CTE programming. 

Undoubtedly, MCPS has created a culture of high expectations in its schools. But, career preparation and vocational training “has been marginalized, sometimes being inaccurately perceived as the “direct opposite” of a college-prep education. After years of focusing on preparing students to enter four-year colleges, MCPS is planning to redesign and ramp up its career programs to keep pace with the changing world. MCPS Superintendent Smith spoke about the new exciting career programming during his proposed Operating Budget presentation.

Nationally, there has been a resurgence of interest in career readiness. For various reasons, not every high school graduate wants to, or will be able to attend a 4-year university. According to ESG consulting, MCPS is one of only a hand-full of large school districts around the country taking a serious look at Career Readiness to be ahead of the curve. That is a good thing!  However, among other large districts studied in the state of Maryland by ESG consulting, MCPS was the only one with a declining enrollment in career and technology education programs. During the 2015-2016 academic year, 29 percent of MCPS students were taking one or more career technical education courses, compared to 35 percent in Howard County and 50 percent in Baltimore County.

In general, the initial report from ESG recommends that MCPS bring leading employers together in an advisory council led by the superintendent, train staff about the regional labor market, and improve the quality and consistency of career programs across high schools. MCPS Career and technology (CTE) education should be redefined as offering rigorous academic coursework, 21st-century technical instruction and real-world experiences.

At the retreat, we were divided into 4 focus-area work groups. (CTE Vision, Employer Engagement, Program Rigor and Implementation, and Stakeholder Communication). I participated in the Stakeholder Communication work group.

We discussed the benefits of students becoming both college-ready and career-ready – that these two things can co-exist and should be promoted as such.  Vocational training should not be disregarded as a second-place finish. Yes, there are differences in Vocational Training and graduating from an Ivy League university-  and they will bring different results. So, as a priority, we needed to look at what motivates a person to choose a specific career path. Was it personal fulfillment, an opportunity to give back to a community, financial gain?  Determining these types of motivators would be key in reaching prospective students and increase excitement around CTE programming. The truth is that we all have a vocation (a job)- whether as a practicing attorney, a marketing manager, educator, writer, or scientist. It’s how much training and educational that we are personally want, and willing to commit to obtaining.  By definition, a vocation is, “a person's employment or main occupation, especially regarded as particularly worthy and requiring great dedication.) From a communication standpoint, the work group recommended that all stakeholders (students, parents, middle school counselors, the local government, and the business community) must be encouraged to think more strategically and creatively about what CAN and SHOULD be included within a high school experience. What opportunities exist and will exist to prepare a student for the future?

Career and technology education has widened in scope over the years, preparing students for jobs in health care and information technology as well as more traditional areas such as construction and automotive repair.

It became clear that developing a powerful marketing message is critical. Career readiness within MCPS is not just vocational training, but all training a student receives to prepare them for their future profession.

Collectively, we felt another priority and goal of career readiness programming should be to expose students to job options more broadly and the educational paths that lead to them. By communicating to stakeholders the successes for CTE programs, MCPS would become the desired destination for well-rounded experiences, career readiness and college preparation. We suggested that the messaging should clearly communicate that a MCPS student will be well-prepared and equipped to succeed, regardless of whether he or she decides to pursue a vocational certification, 2-year degree, or a 4-year degree. The value must be communicated well.

Why should a student who wants to become a biomedical engineer feel that taking a hospitality vocational course is not worth it?  And yes, you are correct, the hospitality course will probably have nothing to do with his or her advanced engineering studies, but it might assist them as they work to pay for college. Or, they might find the hospitality industry actually interesting, and the student might change their major to Electrical or Mechanical engineering in order to solve a hospitality industry problem. 

It was also discussed that the parents should play a role in the educational process. Middle school and high school counselors must work with students and their parents to create a plan that works for that student’s particular interests. At the end of high school, every graduate should leave MCPS with enough preparation and training to successfully go directly into a career or continue their educational studies in 2 or 4-year programs and beyond.

During the retreat, we noted that MCPS currently offers strong career and technology education, however access to these programs varies widely across the school system. That needs to be addressed for college and career readiness to be successful in the MCPS for ALL students.

In addition, we expressed that tailoring the stakeholders messaging to clearly communicate benefits and value will increase interest and credibility to the CTE programs. Benefits such as CTE programs helping students gain real-world experience in their fields of interest or earn college credit and industry-recognized credentials while they’re in high school. These great offerings are mostly unknown by stakeholders. School counselors (especially middle school counselors) must help to increase awareness of available programs and speak to parents about the opportunities that exist. 

As you might imagine, there was much more discussed. The other three focus area work groups were just as engaged in prioritizing recommendations and generating additional points to consider.

It’s anticipated that the group will reconvene sometime in March 2018.

I appreciated the opportunity to represent MCCPTA at this important meeting.

Thank you!

A sampling of bills of interest in Annapolis during the 2018 General Assembly - by Neal Orringer MCCPTA VP Advocacy

Casinos/Rally(!):  Last night, I emailed you about the Fix the Fund Rally in Annapolis (March 19).  This rally marks renewed momentum to ensure casino revenue is used to supplement not supplant dollars for public schools in the state's Education Trust Fund.  This must be done by constitutional amendment, to prevent future Governors or Legislatures from breaching the commitment made six years ago to increase Maryland's public schools.  If the General Assembly approves bills HB 1687 or SB 1122, voters will decide this Fall to make this promise a reality.  

90-Day Session:  The Maryland General Assembly meets in regular session for 90 calendar days each year beginning the 2nd Wednesday in January to act on 2,500+ bills and the State's annual capital and operating budgets.  Dozens of education-related bills have been filed and committee hearings/mark-ups are getting underway.  Legislation ranges from bills to issue reimbursement for AP, CTE, & IB exams (HB 197) to authorizing state agencies to compete with local health authorities to inspect school facilities (SB 469); from increases in test/standards for reading teachers (HB 493) to requirements that the State cover costs of breakfasts and lunches for students eligible for reduced-price meals (HB 315). Below are a couple of details on other bills of interest.   
  • School Calendar: HB 679 overturns the annual school end-date set by the Governor by executive order in August 2016.  It requires a public school to complete the school year on/before the 3rd Friday in June as opposed to the current limit of no later than June 15. After accounting for the 180-day school day minimum as well as mandatory State holidays and election days (for most counties), the bill will allow for a total of as few as 10 and as many as 15 days for local school systems to accommodate any additional holidays (including a spring break), teacher professional development days, and/or school closures due to weather and other exigencies within their respective school years. 
    • Details: Entitled: "Public Schools - School Year - Completion Date," Sponsored by Delegate Pena-Melnyk. Status: In the House - Hearing was held 2/22.

  • PARCC:  The Ways & Means Committee unfavorably reported on HB 723, which would have confined PARCC segments to 40min.  Delegates Ebersole withdrew the bill since it would not have actually allowed students time to simulate researching/writing.  (Most sections of the PARCC assessment in literacy involve sustained reading of two or more texts followed by a substantial writing piece. A longer test session over 40 minutes in duration is optimal for students; a limit of 40 minutes would drastically impact the type of questions/tasks students could complete in an uninterrupted session, particularly in literacy.  On the other hand, HB 366 had a hearing and is still being considered.  This bill allows students with disabilities to be exempt from taking the PARCC assessment unless the parent/guardian has agreed that the student may participate, and it is documented in the Individualized Education Program (IEP). The MCPS Board of Ed is opposed to the bill since it potentially release school systems from needing to provide evidence-based, differentiated instruction to students with disabilities and would adversely impact the imperative for school systems to narrow the achievement gap between students with disabilities and their typical peers. Failing to measure the student outcomes of the special education subgroup would undermine the goal of the MCPS strategic planning framework which assumes that every child can learn when given the proper supports and services.
    • Details: Entitled: "Education - PARCC Testing - Children With Disabilities (Ben's Rule)." Sponsored by Delegate Vogt, Status: In the House - Hearing held 2/2

  • Early Literacy: The General Assembly sometimes opposes meaningful legislation to address the achievement gap due to perceived funding constraints.  For example, the Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs Committee voted down  
    SB 485  which would have established an Early Literacy Program 
    to implement evidence-based literacy programs in Title I schools (to to meet literacy proficiency targets before 4th grade.  MCPS has 25 Title I schools with ~16,000 students enrolled in Title I schools, roughly half (8,100) are ESOL. Currently, there is not one position designated for providing targeted early literacy intervention. Identifying an interventionist would increase quality. of instruction. 
    • Details: Entitled: "Education - Maryland Early Literacy Initiative Program - Established." Sponsored by Senator Conway. Status: Reported unfavorably and withdrawn.
  • More Funding for Head Start: On the positive side, the Senate approved SB 373.  This bill will require the state to supplement federal Head Start funding with additional appropriations. Currently, funding from the Maryland legislature provides $113,000 to Montgomery County to provide the Head Start summer program for children who are not enrolled in Title 1 schools for kindergarten. Of this amount of $113,000, MCPS received $106,000 to serve 120 children in a 4- or 5-week extended year program. The additional funding described in this bill would be divided among all of the Head Start programs in Maryland both Head Start (serving children aged 3–5) and Early Head Start (serving pregnant women and children aged 0–3). Each year in MCPS, there are approximately 1,200 Head Start-eligible students and only 648 can be served in the Head Start program (approximately 70 three-year olds-and 578 four-year-olds). The other Head Start-eligible children are served in the part-day prekindergarten program. The total cost for all Head Start-eligible 3-year-olds and 4-year-olds in Montgomery County would be approximately $31,125,000. Additional funding to support these children is much needed and appreciated. 
    • Details: Entitled: "Education - Head Start Program - Annual Appropriation (The Ulysses Currie Act). Sponsored by Senator Currie.  Status: In the Senate - Third Reading Passed (45-0)
  • Guidelines for Dual Immersion Schools:  HB 642 requies the State Board of Ed to establish regulations/guidance for implementing Dual Immersion school programs.  There are currently three Dual Language Immersion Programs offered in MCPS. They are located at Brown Station, Kemp Mill, and Washington Grove elementary schools. All three programs meet the definition of “Dual Language Immersion Program” as provided in this bill, with one exception. The bill requires the use of two teachers, with one for each language. This is the expected model at MCPS; however, student enrollment at Brown Station Elementary School created the need for a fifth kindergarten classroom, and the odd numbered class is allocated only one teacher, who delivers the instruction in both languages. There are concerns that certain definitions/requirements in the legislation would hinder MCPS’ efforts in expanding Dual Immersion. As such, MCPS may be seeking amendments to support the intentions of this bill (but highlighting the importance of local control on the specifics of these programs).
    • Details: Entitled: "Education - Dual Language Immersion Program - Authorization." Sponsored by Delegate Gutierrez. Status: Hearing was held 2/16. Awaiting further Committee action.
KIRWAN COMMISSION BILL: I'm happy to report that the Early Literacy Program proposed under SB 485 has in fact  been integrated into a larger Education bill being advanced through the legislature on behalf of the Kirwan Commission.  This bill, HB 1415, is seeking to tackle a host of priorities, from addressing the achievement gap to boosting teacher training resources/standards; provisions include:
  • Establishing the Learning in Extended Academic Programs (LEAP) grant program to provide additional funding for schools in which at least 90% of students qualify for federal free/reduced priced meals 
  • Expanding eligibility requirements for the Teaching Fellows for Maryland scholarship program; 
  • Establishing grants for more schools to build innovative a Career and Technology Education programs; and 
  • (of course) extending the final report date for the Commission on Innovation and Excellence in Education.
Of course, many many bills have been filed and are being considered.  If you hear of particular legislation and want more information, or would like us to advance priorities youre afraid are not being considered, please let me know.

Sunday, February 25, 2018

AP Advocacy - 5 Steps to a 5 --- Guest Blogger Cynthia Simonson, MCCPTA VP Educational Issues

IT’S HERE!  IT’S HERE!  Starting in mid-December, I start checking the MCPS Office of Shared Accountability daily… waiting and waiting for the annual report that gives us the results from last year’s Advanced Placement and IB tests.   This year, the report dropped in late January! 

I know not everyone geeks out on this particular report, but I LOVE IT; I simply love it!!  The first part of this report outlines how MCPS performed and, to our credit, year after year, we outperform the state of Maryland and the nation. That is certainly worth celebrating, for sure, but, I think like a swimmer -- “how did we do against ourselves?”  If you’ve ever lived with a competitive swimmer, you know about best times.  This “sport” isn’t so different.  I look at different things in the appendices (outlined below), I compare this year’s scores to how students did last year, and I look at my specific school stats to see if we are performing where I would expect in relation to the rest of the county.

What this report does, more than anything else, is it gives parents material to frame questions and helps identify areas of advocacy as we work toward being “better” than we were before.  As a school system, we put a lot of emphasis on AP courses as being a strong indicator of college readiness.  I think AP courses are an AWESOME entry point for students to experience the rigor of college courses.  But, it is important as we expand the pool of students accessing these courses, we expand the supports also so when a student commits a year to study a college level subject, they have every opportunity (and expectation) of passing the exam and possibly getting the college credit. 

It is my belief, students shouldn’t be shocked by the exam scores they receive in July.  If they have been taking a rigorous college level course all year, they should have plenty of indicators from their formatives how they will perform on the exam.  Sometimes things happen… but that should be the exception, not the rule!  

Below is an outline of the content within the report. Data can be powerful – use it well! 

·       Appendix A:  Starting on page 8 of the document, shows me how many AP courses (and IB courses) my high school offers in comparison to all the other county high schools.  The range of AP classes offered in 2016-17 goes from 9-33 (which mind you, isn’t as dramatic a range if low AP courses correlates with IB offerings).  But, maybe that would be something for a cluster coordinator to ask about.  Scrolling through Appendix A, I can see the last three years of participation for my high school by demographics.  Are we attracting more students?  Less students? What do I see in the trending of specific populations?  What does this tell me (and what questions do I have) about the accessibility of our courses to all students?  Do the numbers at my high school look similar to my benchmarking schools?  If not, why not?  Is there something we can learn from them?  Is there something they can learn from us? 

·       Appendix B:  This is where access and success intersect!   Page 22 shows not only who took the test, but who passed it (with a 3 or higher).  And again, I can scroll to my high school and see by demographics who is passing and not passing the APs.  And, I can look at my school in comparison… and I think about conversations I’ve overheard about programs that are in place in other parts of the county and ask questions at the next high school PTSA “has our school ever considered having…?”   AND, page 30 is a special treat because this gets to the detail of high school’s participation and whether the numbers represent 1000 kids taking 1 exam each or 200 kids taking 5 exams each.  

·       Appendix C:  THIS IS MY CANDY… this is where it becomes very personal because from pages 33-52, you can see each course and how the students performed by high school in the 20 most popular courses.  I look at the mean for the county for each class and how did my school perform against that mean?  I look to see what courses we didn’t offer and make note to ask more about that.  And, again, I look at my benchmarking schools – how are my “training partners” doing?  And, I really focus on schools that are posting “rock star-like numbers” and sometimes I reach out to those clusters and ask “what is happening over there” to gain more insight.  For the past year, I’ve been reaching out to my Principal on any courses I have questions about and I have been talking to other parents – does this seem right to you?  If there are courses that have been underperforming against the mean year after year – which I can see by looking back at this SAME report that is published each year here --   And, I ask parents in my community about their students’ experience in certain classes and go back to the Principal to ask what explains this?  Is it a preparation issue? Do we need to create more professional development opportunities?  Something else I have dared to ask “can I see the correlation data?”  I haven’t seen it yet, but, when many parents have similar stories of their children getting As in the course but, 2s on the exams, I have questions… To my way of thinking, if a big group of students are getting As in the class, I’m expecting – if the course is covering all the material with rigor -- most of those students will post 4s or 5s on the exam.  With our new data system being launched, that can help target support to teachers and students – giving every child their best chance at success.  (Watch for that in coming years!)    

Tuesday, December 19, 2017

Reinvigorating the MCCPTA Blog - Public Education funding in Maryland -- what to pay attention to in an election year

I started this blog with an Advocacy emphasis during my tenure as MCCPTA VP Advocacy a couple of years back. It's been quiet for awhile now -- but not any more.

Look to see an upcoming series of posts on issues of all sorts -- to respect your inboxes, and to inform.  Guest posters will include our officers, advocacy committee members, the issue-area experts for each of the Advocacy Priorities the Delegates Assembly approved in October, and more.

MCCPTA has an excellent team of officers this year, and great energy in our membership - committees and subcommittees working actively on issues we care about, actively reaching out for additional members, and sharing their work with all of us.

The budget committees - CIP and Operating - are in high gear.  Health and Safety has groups working on school climate (combatting hate in all its forms), mental health, school nutrition, wellness initiatives, opioid crisis and other addictions and more.  Reflections is in high gear, Curriculum and its subcommittees are working on MANY issues - the new ES report cards, sifting through and understanding the data on graduation college readiness (with the new reporting rubric), finding ways to make the process of course selection in middle and high school one that INCLUDES parents and students in meaningful ways, Cultural Arts is ready and willing to share volumes of resources to help PTAs support cultural arts programs in schools, the GT committee will soon sponsor another forum, the Special Education committee continues its strong work on issues, and making MCCPTA aware of opportunities and events. The Advocacy Committee is in high gear, keeping our collective eyes on the Kirwan Commission, the Knott Commission, the governor's executive order on the school calendar, the upcoming General Assembly session, working with our community partners on candidate forums and candidate questionnaires. The list goes on, the work never stops, and there is always room for you to join in...

MCCPTA is a wide AND deep organization because of the power, passion, experience, expertise and energy of our collective members.  Individuals working on the issues they care about, and sharing with the rest of us!

Learn more, and join us -- check out our webpage at

Enough of the overview, now to the other purpose of this post -- how to stay critically informed about education related issues on the State level, and how to hold our elected officials, and elected official 'wannabes' accountable.

It seems these days as if we are perpetually in an election year -- political messaging and partisan bickering is everywhere -- and much of the rhetoric and policy coming out of the current White House has very real and very damaging impacts on our public schools, public education, and MCPS students. That's the subject of another post.

But it actually IS a state-wide election year in Maryland -- all of our county and state offices will be on the ballot in the June 26, 2018 primary and the Nov. 6, 2018 General Election. And frankly, with the new term limits in MoCo meaning more than half of our nine county council seats will not have an incumbent running, the county executive race is wide-open, and the 6th District Congressional seat being open --- everybody seems to be running for something, and many incumbents at all levels are shifting focus - running for new offices and giving up their current seats.

And public education is the holy grail -- it is essential. The mission of PTA is to make every child's potential a reality, and long ago we realized that providing access and opportunity to high quality education was the only way to achieve that. Did you know that the Maryland Constitution places only two explicit responsibilities on the General Assembly -- passing a balanced budget each year and providing for a free, adequate system of public education. If you ever talk to someone running for state-wide office and they don't know that, or don't acknowledge that they are constitutionally required to make public education the highest priority -- I would look for another candidate

All subjects for more blog posts -- because now is the time of year we focus on budgets in the County, and State-wide issues, because the 90-day General Assembly session kicks off on January 10, 2018. But, because 2018 is an election year, everything coming out of Annapolis this session will be more political than usual --- see above -- EVERYBODY is running for something!!!

The State portion of our public school funding is formula driven --- in the 2002 "Bridge to Excellence" Act, the General Assembly set out a specific, mandatory, formula driven funding method to ensure a certain basic level of per pupil funding for every public school system, and public school student, in Maryland.  Though the governor has a lot of budget power in Maryland - more in fact than any other U.S. governor -- the governor can't avoid the mandatory funding formulas in the law.  So -- it's an election year -- when you hear candidates and office-holders make claims about public school funding (because they're all going to say education is the highest priority), ask these questions:
  • Are you talking about public education? (Because there's been a lot of redirection of public money to private schools in the past couple of years)
  • When you say 'increased education funding' - are you talking about spending even one penny more than the Bridge to Excellence formulas require you to spend?
  • Because -- education spending has increased in Maryland every year for the past 15 -- but in most years that's just because the number of public school students has increased.  The Bridge to Excellence funding formulas are all 'per pupil' based -- number of students goes up, education spending goes up..... number of students goes down, education funding goes down.
  • Beware of the governor's animus towards 'formula-driven funding' -- saying things like it removes autonomy, flexibility, and accountability from the budget cycle.  Truth is -- almost all formula-driven funding in Maryland is specific to public education.  So attacking the formulas IS attacking funding for our public schools
  • And remember -- the current governor refused to spend $68 million in dedicated public school funding his first year in office -- in the FY2016 budget the GCEI formula funds were never released to the school districts like MCPS where education costs are higher than average. The governor had two choices -- release the allocated funds to public schools, or let the money sit there. He let the money sit there.
  • And - looking at the work of the Kirwan Commission (Commission on Innovation and Excellence in Education) they're making some serious recommendations about educational priorities in Maryland --- early childhood education, enhanced means of professionalizing the teacher workforce, creating a high quality cadre of diverse educators, CTE education etc. etc. But to really make Maryland schools the envy of the world takes commitment, substantive work vs. cosmetic changes, and FUNDING.  What do our elected officials and candidates say about that?
The Baltimore Sun has been doing some excellent reporting on the work of the Kirwan Commission - here's a link to a recent article:

The organization Strong Schools Maryland is also doing great work following the work and priorities of the Kirwan Commission, and sharing substantive information about the educational priorities and issues identified in the Commission's work -- here's a link to Strong Schools website:

There's always lots going on in Maryland if you care about public education -- so stay tuned!

Monday, May 30, 2016

Advocacy Part II - What happens after a bill is passed?

Even after hardworking advocates are successful in getting a bill through the General Assembly, there is still another step or two in the process before the bill becomes law.

In Maryland, once the General Assembly acts to pass a piece of legislation, the governor has three options.
  • the governor can sign the bill into law
  • the governor can veto the bill (the General Assembly then has the option of attempting to override the veto - override requires a three-fifths vote of the elected membership of both the House and Senate) 
  • the governor can do nothing --- you may have heard a staffer, lobbyist or legislator say the governor 'put it in a drawer' - in which case the bill goes into effect the same as if it were signed, just without the governor's imprimatur.
The vast majority of bills passed in any General Assembly session are passed in the final weeks... the final days are a flurry of floor votes, conference committees, and concurrences. The governor is authorized to act on any piece of legislation as soon as the bill is passed - which means the governor can sign or veto a bill during session.  It is relatively rare for the governor to veto a bill during session, because as soon as the governor vetoes, the legislature can attempt an override.  In the 2016 General Assembly session there were several vetoes during session this year, immediately overridden.  Here's an article discussing some:

Because so much happens at the end of the legislative session, usually the governor's office is presented with a large volume of passed legislation in a short space of time. The governor and his staff then have a maximum of 50 days to determine what action to take on each bill. Things generally take a pretty well-known path.

Even before the end of the legislative session, the governor's office announces multiple official post-session bill signing ceremonies --- there are usually about five or six of them. Then, after the governor's office is presented with the list of passed bills, the staff go through the list to determine which bills the governor will sign, and then assign each of those bills to one of the pre-determined bill signing ceremonies.

The bill signing ceremonies provide an opportunity for hardworking legislators and advocates to be present, be recognized, have a nice official photo op. with the governor etc. -- I'm sure you've all seen some of those photos - the governor, the speaker, the Senate president at the dais with a line of legislators and advocates behind.

You'd think that would be a pretty straightforward, transparent process -- but really not so much.  Sometimes, the governor's office notifies primary bill sponsors of the date on which their bill will be signed well in advance, but often there is little notice.  Many times the governor's office will release a list of bills to be signed only a day or two before the relevant signing ceremony.

Practically speaking, the Speaker's office and Senate president's office maintain a list of bills passed during session, and monitor the bill signing announcements that come out of the governor's office -- -checking bills off as they go. After the last bill signing ceremony a list of unsigned bills remains. Usually - and this year is no exception - the last bill signing ceremony takes place about a week before the final deadline for gubernatorial action on session legislation.  So then, you literally just wait to see what will happen with the remaining bills. 

Bills vetoed after the end of the General Assembly session have to wait til the General Assembly convenes again to attempt veto overrides.... and that's more than seven months.  Effectively that means when the governor vetoes a bill passed by the General Assembly with a veto-proof majority, the veto isn't the death of the bill, just a delay.  Which begs the question.... if you know the bill will eventually be enacted, why thwart the work of the General Assembly?  But it happens.....

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

Follow-up - Bills of special interest to students.... and more work to do!

This set of bills, that I thought might be of specific interest to students, fared pretty well in the General Assembly --- with one notable exception. The bills related to issues as diverse as voting rights for Montgomery County's Student Member of the Board of Education, creation of an anonymous text-messaging system for students to use to report bullying, and protecting the First Amendment rights of student journalists.

Here's a quick summary:

HB 41 Anonymous two-way text messaging tip programs – sponsor Del. Arentz
This bill would amend the Safe Schools Reporting Act to expand the model policy developed by the State Board of Education for reporting bullying, investigating reports of bullying, and disciplining students who have violated school bullying policies. The bill would require local boards of education to create and publicize two-way anonymous text messaging programs for use by students and others involved in or witnessing bullying to anonymously report the incidents.

Here is a link to the bill’s page on the GA website:

The 2016 General Assembly session was the second go around for this bill, and once again it died in committee. A little editorializing here.  I think this is a really good bill that aims to create a real, meaningful resource for students - allowing them to utilize technology they already use routinely (what does the latest research show -- the average US teenager sends over 100 texts/day??) to anonymously report concerns about their school environment and experience -- troubles on their bus, bullying, cheating, broken water fountains, etc. etc.

I talked to several members of our Delegation to get their thoughts on the bill -- it looked good to me, but maybe I was missing something???  Why was the bill struggling so much? What I heard was that yes, this is a good bill --- that could benefit from more coordinated advocacy.  I'm hoping to work with students, bill sponsors, school administrators and others interested in school safety issues over the summer to build a more robust advocacy effort around establishing this type of resource for students. If anyone is interested --- just let me know!!

HB87 – Student Member of the Board (SMOB) Voting – Montgomery County Delegation
This is a Montgomery County local bill (meaning its provisions would apply only in Montgomery County) to extend the voting rights and Board participation of the Student Member of the Board of Education.

Here is a link to the HB87 bill page on the GA website:

This bill is almost the dictionary definition of  legislation that takes a marathon, not a sprint!  This was at least the 4th time the MoCo SMOB voting rights bill was filed in the General Assembly.  Several years back it got close --- with near unanimous support of our Montgomery County Delegation -- but certain committee chairs killed it in committee.  This year it moved forward with complete support - every member of our Montgomery County delegation supported it - and it finally passed!

One interesting thing for fellow legislative nerds.  Every year in the Maryland General Assembly, every county's delegation puts forward a variety of local bills -- legislation with purely local impact that, for one reason or another, must be approved by the General Assembly. Now, you would think that - as a courtesy if nothing else - when a local bill moves forward with the unanimous support of its Delegation - all other members of the General Assembly would defer to the will of the local jurisdiction to regulate itself.  But if you click on the link above, and go to the "history" section of the bill page, you'll see yet another instance of legislators voting against bills that they have absolutely no interest in. 

Eight members of the House, and four members of the Senate, voted against the MoCo SMOB voting rights bill.  Why on earth electeds like Sen. Hershey of Queen Anne County, or Delegate Kittleman of Carroll County voted against this bill, or even thought it was appropriate to vote against a bill of purely local effect in Montgomery County, eludes me.  But that sort of thing happens all the time.....

HB115/SB582 - Public School Robotics Club Grant Program -  sponsor Del. Reznik/Sen. King
This bill created a grant program, administered by the State Dept. of Education, to support and expand robotics clubs in public schools.  The bill would require the governor to provide at least $500,000 to seed the program. 

Here’s a link to the bill’s page on the GA website:

This bill passed easily, but the governor opted not to sign it.  I doubt very much he'll veto it

HB708/SB781 – Maryland Seal of Biliteracy – Del. Gutierrez
A little bit of history. This bill was back for the third time this year - it failed even to get a vote in the House Ways and Means committee last year – even though it sailed through committee on the Senate side, and was unanimously approved in the Senate.

The bill establishes a Maryland Seal of Biliteracy Program to recognize public high school graduates, beginning with the graduating class of 2017, who have attained proficiency in speaking, reading, and writing one or more languages in addition to English. The purpose of the program is to promote linguistic proficiency and cultural literacy in one or more languages in addition to English and to provide recognition of the attainment of those skills by affixing a Seal of Biliteracy to the student’s diploma or transcript at graduation. Participation in the program by a local school system is voluntary; however, if a local school system chooses to participate, an individual school may not opt out.

Here is a link to the bill’s page on the General Assembly website:

The third time was the charm --- the Maryland Seal of Biliteracy was unanimously passed by both the House and Senate, and was signed by the governor on April 26.  Congratulations to D18 Del. Ana Sol Gutierrez for the persistence and passion!

SB764 – Student Journalists – Freedom of Speech and Freedom of the Press – Sen. Raskin
This bill – to ensure student journalists enjoy the Constitutionally protected Freedoms of Speech and the Press, was sponsored by Senator Jamie Raskin.  In his other life, Senator Raskin is a nationally recognized Constitutional Law scholar, and a professor of Constitutional Law at American University.  In other words, he knows the subject.

And - if you talk to Sen. Raskin, he'll tell you that part of his motivation for sponsoring this legislation was an experience he had several years ago at Montgomery Blair HS.

In 2009, a student organization at Blair was producing a program debating the merits of marriage equality, in a fairly traditional debate format - proposition, with pro/con debate -  two speakers supporting each side of the question. The students videotaped their debate, but school administration refused to let them air the video stating that the subject was too controversial.  The students and their advisor reached out to Sen. Raskin to help them argue against the school's censorship of their work.

Here’s a link to the bill’s page on the General Assembly website:

This was one of my favorite bills this year. It was filed a bit late (but before the filing deadline), and didn't have a crossfile.  But the bill succeeded, and now Maryland's student journalists enjoy full First Amendment protection.  The governor signed it on April 26.